If you need help with your car insurance
Car insurance is one of the biggest costs involved with running a vehicle, so it’s important to know some tips and tricks to help you save some money. As a starting point, make sure you’ve noted in your diary when your car insurance is up for renewal – never let your policy automatically renew.
At the same time, put a reminder in for a few weeks before to give yourself time to shop around for a better deal. Research shows it’s better to buy early.
Understanding your voluntary excess
When looking for a car insurance quote, it’s worth looking at how changing the voluntary excess affects your price.
While it may seem logical for you to put your voluntary excess at a price which returns the cheapest car insurance, it’s important to remember that if you make a claim, you might have to pay both the voluntary and compulsory excess.
Be realistic with your finances and find a price that’s right for you so that, should you need to make a claim, you’ll be able to realistically afford the amount your insurance is based on.
Understanding your compulsory excess
Your compulsory excess is set by your insurance company – this is set in stone and there’s no opportunity to change it. As a new, young or higher-risk category driver, you may face an increased price. You may also see an increase in your compulsory excess if your car has been modified.
It’s not essential to have breakdown cover – but it can bring enormous peace of mind – especially if your car breaks down.
Additional ways to reduce the cost
- Be careful with your mileage – the less miles you do, the lower a risk you are for insurers
- Paying for your insurance in a lump sum, if possible, is cheaper than paying monthly
- Think about installing security devices but get quotes first to see if the extra cost of them is worth it when compared to the insurance savings
- Build up your no-claims bonus discount
- Only pay for what you need – don’t choose a more expensive policy with unnecessary add-ons. If you do need add-ons – such as windscreen cover or personal accident cover – check to see if it’s cheaper to buy these separately to your insurance
- Park with care – if you have a garage/driveway, park your car there overnight to reduce the risk of damage to your car
- Think about what vehicle is best for you – for example, cars with a small engine are more likely to be in a low insurance group – and road tax should also be cheaper
- Avoid modifications – if you’re looking to save money, it’s likely you’re not modifying your car but remember that if you do, this could mean a big hike in your insurance cost
- Pay attention to administration charges – they’re a great hidden expense!
Vehicle tax exemptions and reductions
You can apply for a vehicle tax exemption if you receive one of the following:
- Higher rate mobility component of Disability Living Allowance (DLA)
- Enhanced rate mobility component of Personal Independence Payment (PIP)
- Enhanced rate mobility component of Adult Disability Payment (ADP)
- Higher rate mobility component of Child Disability Payment
- War Pensioners’ Mobility Supplement
- Armed Forces Independence Payment
If you can’t afford car finance payments – a step-by-step guide
Understanding your agreement
Firstly, check what type of car finance you have. If you have your paperwork to hand, it will list the finance agreement type on there. Alternatively, give your lender a call and they’ll be able to let you know.
PCP (otherwise known as Personal Contract Purchase)
- The most common form of car finance
- You don’t own the car outright but put down a non-refundable deposit towards the cost of the car, and then you borrow the rest
- If you decide to buy your car at the end of the agreement, your deposit will go towards the cost of this
- Monthly payments are then made to cover interest and depreciation over the term of the contract
- When the contract ends, you usually have three options:
- Buy the car outright – paying the outstanding lump sum left owing plus any additional fees
- Trade the car in for a replacement on a new PCP contract
- Return the car – providing there’s no damage to the car and you’ve kept to the terms, there won’t be anything more to pay
- You don’t ever own the car – you just make regular payments to lease it
- Your payments will depend on the value of the car, an agreed mileage allowance and how long you’ll use it for
HP (otherwise known as Hire Purchase)
- You put down a deposit at the start of the agreement
- You then make monthly payments until the final payment has been made
- You will own the car once you’ve settled all payments, including an extra ‘option to purchase’ fee
So, now you know what type of agreement you have, what should you do next?
- Your car finance provider may get in touch with you first, but if not, be proactive and contact them as soon as possible if you’ve fallen behind
- See if they will work with you to work something out – this might be a payment holiday, a reduced payment or a new repayment schedule which is more affordable
- Remember the car belongs to the finance company until you’ve made all the agreed payments
- If you’ve missed a payment or two, the finance company will probably get in touch to discuss ways you can catch up on these payments and pay off any arrears. If you continue to fall behind though, they might decide to issue a Default Notice and take further action
- If after this you still feel you’re going to struggle in the long-term, there are a few options to consider:
If you simply can’t afford your car finance anymore, speak to your provider about ending your agreement
- You’ll only be able to do this if you’ve paid more than half of the total amount of your agreement
- If you haven’t yet repaid more than half, see if you can make a one-off payment to get to this amount
- Double-check what this ‘half’ amount is because it does vary depending on your agreement and shouldn’t necessarily be thought of as halfway through your contract term
Part-exchange your car
- Speak to your car finance provider about whether you could switch to a different, cheaper car with smaller monthly payments, by part-exchanging your existing car
- This might be an option available to you if you have a good credit score
- You might be able to refinance your existing car finance, extending the term to reduce your monthly payments – but bear in mind this will mean paying more interest
- The finance company may also be able to repossess the car if you’ve fallen behind on payments. Have a look at your agreement and find the section outlining your rights. It’ll tell you how much you need to have paid to stop the lender taking the goods back without a court order – and without your consent – this should be one third of the total amount payable under your agreement.
- Should you have issues with your finance company, there are ways to take action. Companies that carry out consumer credit activities must have permission or authorisation from the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA). They must have a formal complaints procedure. If they don’t, or if they don’t follow the procedure properly, their authorisation may be affected.
If you have a disability
The Motability Scheme is designed to help disabled people lease a car, a powered wheelchair or a scooter.
You’ll need to be in receipt of one of the following to access this scheme: the higher rate of the mobility component of Disability Living Allowance (DLA), the higher rate of the mobility component of Child Disability Payment, War Pensioners’ Mobility Supplement, Armed Forces Independence Payment or the enhanced rate of the mobility component of Personal Independence Payment (PIP).
Service and MOT costs
If your car is over three years old, it’ll require a yearly MOT. This is a legal requirement and ensures that your car remains roadworthy.
It’s not legally required to get your car serviced but it’s highly recommended. Although it costs money, a service can make your car more efficient and also helps to flag and fix niggles before they turn into a bigger – and costlier – problem.
If you’re appealing against a parking ticket when someone else was driving
If someone borrowed your car
- The person you lent your car to is responsible for the parking ticket if it’s a Parking Charge Notice (from a landowner or parking company) or a Fixed Penalty Notice (from the Police or Transport NI)
- They’re responsible even if you regularly share your car with them
If a Parking Charge Notice is sent to you
Contact the company you’ve received this from and give them the full name and address of the person who was driving
- Their contact details will be on the notice you receive
- Write down the name of the person you speak to – as well as the date and time of the call, just in case you need to refer back to it later
- If you send a written response to the company, if you can, use recorded delivery so that it needs to be signed for at the other end (proof of delivery)
- The parking company must cancel the ticket in your name if you’ve sent them the full name and address of the person who was driving – they will then issue the notice to that person as part of a ‘transfer of liability’
- You don’t have to give the driver’s name to the parking company, and you can choose to pay the ticket yourself – however the person who was driving is responsible, and should pay the parking ticket
If a Fixed Penalty Notice is sent to you
- This will be sent with a letter known as a ‘Notice of Intended Prosecution’. If you ignore the ticket, you could be taken to court.
- Get in touch with the authority that sent you the notice with the full name/address details of the person who was driving
- They must then cancel the ticket and send one to the person responsible instead
- Get in touch with your nearest Citizens Advice if you need further legal advice – or if the ticket isn’t cancelled
If it’s a Penalty or Excess Charge Notice
- As the registered keeper of the vehicle, you’re responsible for paying this type of notice – even though you weren’t driving at the time
- You can ask the person who was driving at the time to pay, but bear in mind they might refuse to
- Establish whether they’re willing to pay as quickly as possible because if they won’t and you end up having to, you can often get a discount for paying early (usually 50% if you pay within 14 days)
- If you don’t pay, and ignore the fine, you could be taken to court – and have to pay court costs on top of the fine too
If your car was stolen or your licence plate was copied (‘car cloning’)
- You should appeal this – as you’re not responsible
- Look for the contact details of the company the letter was sent from, and write to them explaining that your car was stolen/cloned when the offence took place
- This may be the first time you find out your licence plate has been cloned – report this to the police and the DVLA straightaway
- The police will give you a Crime Reference Number which you can include in your appeal
- Once it’s proven you weren’t driving, the notice against you must be cancelled
If you’ve recently purchased (or sold) your car
- If you’ve just got a new car, it might be that the previous owner was parked incorrectly – but as a result, as the new registered keeper, you’ve received a parking ticket in the post
- Look for the contact details of the company issuing the ticket on the letter you receive and write to them to explain the situation including details such as the date you bought the car, the full name/address of the previous owner/company that sold you the car, a copy of the DVLA Registration Certification (V5C) and a copy of the receipt/invoice from when you bought the car (if you have it)
- Once you’ve provided this, the fine will be issued to the person driving at the time through a ‘transfer of liability’
- This also works in the instance that you recently sold your car – follow the same process as outlined above explaining the situation and providing the necessary information
Make sure you’re getting the most out of your fuel
While it may be unrealistic to change your car or go electric, making smaller changes such as keeping your tyres pumped up to the recommended pressure and removing unnecessary weight from your car will help you to make the most of your fuel.
There are four factors that affect your fuel cost per mile:
- Fuel price
- Fuel type
- The car’s efficiency (fuel consumption)
- The way you drive
Diesel is more expensive than petrol, but you do get more miles per gallon. Remember, though, the bigger the price gap, the longer it’ll take you to recover the extra cost of buying a diesel vehicle in the first place. You’ll need to be a high-mileage driver to make diesel a more economical choice than petrol.
Pump prices vary quite a lot around the country and between brands. Get to know the cheapest in your area and shop around when you’re away from home.
If you want to save money on fuel
Fuel can be cheaper at supermarket forecourts compared to petrol stations owned by oil companies. You can make extra savings by using a supermarket loyalty card.
With the Tesco Clubcard scheme, you can earn one point for every £2 spent on Tesco fuel. For every 150 points, you’ll get £1.50 worth of Clubcard vouchers, which you can use to cut the cost of your next fill. And you can get a point for every £3 spent at Esso stations, providing you’ve got a Tesco Clubcard.
With Nectar cards, you get one point on every litre of fuel at Sainsbury’s filling stations.
Petrol is generally cheaper in towns and cities than in rural locations.
Supermarkets – even those in the countryside – are often still cheaper than oil-firm-owned petrol stations in cities.
Petrol stations on or close to major roads are also usually more expensive.
PetrolPrices.com will help you find your cheapest petrol or diesel.
It might sound odd but filling up first thing in the morning can save money.
Petrol and diesel is dense when it’s cooler and less dense when the temperature increases, and as fuel pumps only measure the volume of fuel not the density, it might well be worth timing your garage stop.
Other costs and considerations
Parking and toll costs
This all depends on where you live – and will vary across the UK. If you have to park regularly as part of your commute to work, make sure you’re including these as regular costs in your budget.
Can you claim your miles back from your employer?
Approved mileage rates are set by HMRC and reviewed regularly.
How much your employer will give you for using your own car for company business depends on the employer and is a matter for negotiation as circumstances vary.
If your employer does offer to cover the costs of your mileage, it’s important to ensure you take advantage of that option.
Consider a “car subscription”
Yes, there seems to be a subscription for everything nowadays. A car subscription is like leasing a car, where you pay a fixed amount each month. But with a subscription, the major ownership costs are covered too, including road tax, insurance, servicing and breakdown costs.
If you work in healthcare, the Armed Forces, or the emergency services
Blue Light Card
A Blue Light Card costs £4.99 for two years and you’ll need your work ID or a recent payslip to prove you’re eligible. It offers discounts at over 15,000 high street and online stores and covers lots of areas including insurance, phones, cars, and days out.
Defence Privilege Card
The Defence Discount Service provides discounts both online and on the high street for members of the Armed Forces, Veterans and Armed Forces Community.
It’s the home of the Defence Privilege Card, which is a vetted discount card that can be used in stores, restaurants, and venues to obtain discounts.
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